Mark 3:16

So he appointed the Twelve – Peter (which was the name that Jesus gave to Simon),

there are twelve
among them Simon aka Peter
a rock of many names
always standing at the last
the Mary Magdalene
of male disciples
needing special counsel
intuitive impulsive
resistant repentive

in turn we each
have another twelve
we order by our time and
energy with them
in each we see more
than their name can carry
revealing us to us
through their responses
less and more than we thought

The Common English Bible (and the web-based Open English Bible used in this blog) we have used as the translation of Mark is here out of sync with older translations by starting with “Peter” and then noting this as Jesus’ inside-the-family name for Simon. Most begin with the Hebraic tradition of “Simon” and explaining that he has been nicknamed, Peter.

To try to get at this a bit more, reflect on your own name and ways that people know you at home, among friends, at school, at work, and in other public settings.

Which of these various ways of being named do you claim for yourself? What emotional distinction do you make between them?

In Mark, Peter doesn’t fare all that well. One moment, a hero, and the next, an adversary. In the end he is as absent as everyone.

We can celebrate Peter’s growth and commit to continuing our own deepening of what we understand to be true. While there are sparks of greatness in Peter, it is not until after Mark has finished challenging readers that Peter can be seen as a “rock” which is suggested by his new name. Peter does become reliable, a foundation, a person of steadiness with his early leadership, counter-cultural vision, preaching, and prison stories.

Peter will come to exemplify an important kind of rock as he faces new community challenges. Does Jesus reach out to those not like him? Is this what a sense of belovedness within and without is like? The keeping to a deeper value over a shallower one comes to Peter in a vision and its subsequent implementation at the Council of Jerusalem that opens Jesus’ teachings to the Gentiles (Acts 10, 11, 15).

“Rock” is not unchangeable. Dealing with wilderness can come through requiring Order (limiting converts) or expecting Dignity (expanding family). A choice here affects revival in today’s wilderness.

Mark 3:15

and with power to drive out demons.

you’ll be tempted
to play a sparkly card
to garner attention
a soteriologic card
striking sparks from collisions
of evil with everything else
is mightily attractive

it is this very grave magnetism
that will occlude everything else
until you only see demonic collisions
and your hammer sees only nails
it’s true enough to attract attention
but it is vanity just old vanity
yes tempted

There have been ways of organizing scripture that go way back, our current versification begins with a Greek New Testament printed by Robert Estienne in 1551 (see Wikipedia article on Estienne).

It would be intriguing to know what was going on in the culture of church or society when chapters and verses were added to an otherwise run-on text that would put a verse break here—separating teaching from exorcism.

In the previous verse there was also a mention of “healing” which is no longer thought to a reliable transmission of the text. This would mean distinguishing the expulsion of demons from standard healing as well as from preaching/teaching/witnessing/proclaiming.

Regardless of this versification frustration, this remains an important moment in Mark. The three-fold process of staying close to the source of belovedness Jesus experienced, making the implications of that belovedness of all creation clear through word and deed, and making corrections where these have been forgotten is similar to the General Rules of United Methodism which is presented in reverse order: do no harm, do good, stay partnered with G*D.

Whether lived forward or backward in terms of first, second, and third, the gifts of grounding, support, and correction remain critical components of dealing with being in a wild place. These tools come as a result of wilderness testing and have been reliable down through ages and cultures.

A chart may help to visualize this in your own life. Draw your own. Keep it for a month. Let it inform you about your life.

date what grounded me today?
was it belovedness?
where did I reveal my values in word & deed? how did I relieve pain, loss, trauma, bondage?

Mark 3:14

He appointed twelve – whom he also named ‘apostles’ – so that they might be with him, and that he might send them out as his messengers, to preach,

you whom I have called
I hereby dub you The Sent

sent as a seed
wherever you come to ground

sent to multiply
faster than biologic limits

sent one by one
and two by two and all by all

sent uniquely
within a commonality

sent as me
always looking for the greater than me

sent forever sent
not to replicate but to evolve

Would an apostle by any other name, have as sweet a message? This question comes because of the doubt scholars have raised about the phrase, “and called them apostles”. There are additional textual issues here about a doubled “appointing” and additional words about “healing” that, when added together, basically mean we have no way to put this verse back together.

Basically we can leave it with three points: (1) Jesus designated a small group—a first culling different from Matthew’s sense of a group already functioning as an inner circle, (2) those appointed are to have more contact with Jesus—extra tutoring, and (3) their task will be that of proclamation—messengers (apostles).

When a set-back occurs, such as the formal establishment of a conspiracy to do away with Jesus, it is time to finally get organized. There is a direct relationship between a threat and a more efficient training program that needs to be instituted. This is simply practical.

Jesus’ Way is binary in process but the life is to be found between the poles. (1) Drawing near to Jesus: prayer, retreat, learning, and following—are all inhalations or preparations. (2) Preaching: practiced prayer, putting retreat plans to work, applying lessons learned, and following where the Spirit of a Living G*D leads beyond direct connection with Jesus—are all exhalations or implementations. It is in breathing that the life of Jesus’ Way develops its on-going energy—its ability to be merciful in the face of every loss, trauma, and fear which will come our way.

Mark 3:13

Jesus made his way up the hill, and called those whom he wished; and they went to him.

after breathing out
comes an in-breath
after sea riding
there is mountain striding
after a crowd-only crampedness
a long-view overview

having heard a call to rise
we test by re-calling friends
some were only called once
a reward for promise shown
each challenged to see what I see
heady stuff of teaching and self-care

off we go into a wild blue
baptismal vision re-filled
desert temptation re-met
sickness despairing salved
and for each other we wept
anticipating work to come

Was the small boat a ruse, a distraction that allowed Jesus to leave the crowd behind and ascend a mountain? Mark’s rapid episodes leaves holes for us to midrash upon, to open another story or two or three for which there wasn’t time at the time.

This radical shift from lake to mountain is a geographic form of “immediate”. Now we are here; now there. Moving away from conspiracy and a crushing crowd takes the kind of energy needed for climbing mountains, not drifting away.

With calls to this intentional retreat will come a renewal of becoming a good messenger. There will be commissioning for the purpose of liberation. An unspoken part of this liberation is the emphasis upon the universality of belovedness. By attending to the liberation of others, those called will find their own liberation.

To arrive here will require the leaving of occupation, of power, and the re-establishment of a non-royalist confederation based in the ancient value of hospitality where care for the stranger becomes a sign of a healing meant for all—the crowd with all its interwoven and overwhelming brokenness and possibility.

Just as hearts have their diastolic and systolic motion and lungs have their rhythm of inhalation and exhalation, life has its practice and teaching, its engagement and retreat. We need both active imagination during the day and deep dreams at night. Call and renewal of call is essential to the well-being of any movement because the picture of what we are about fades—as I heard Doug Anderson of the Bishop Rueben Job Center put it, “vision leaks”.

Mark 3:12

But he repeatedly warned them not to make him known.

don’t proclaim the obvious
it only slows the line down

now more will come
drawn by titles not result

the more I say it’s irrelevant
the fewer touches get in

I’ll just say it once more
before their muteness becomes yours

Son of God spawn of G*D
is still beside the point

this is not about you
it is resistance to Empire

Bread and Circuses can be done
but general welfare is beyond fiat

I am about reclaiming Paradise
not continuing trickle-down power

so shush your mouths
until we meet again

We are called to reveal that which we know, who we understand ourselves to be.

What is not a part of our call is to reveal the current identity of who others might be.

A weakness of naming others is our lack of knowing enough. We not only cannot see the depth and breadth of their experience, we are forever running the little we do know through our own perception and developed values. Alongside this is the honoring of others by letting them define themselves. Outing another is not good form.

Perhaps more to the point is the deep-seated sense we have of names being a source of control over another. If you have named another, so it is. This is important in everyday life—defining the situation in which we find ourselves. In the 2016 Presidential election in the USofA, Donald Trump used this force of defining his opponents in the primary and final election seasons—“crooked”, “lying”, “little”, “low-energy”—and raising himself—“tremendous”, “great”, “winning”. He said it so often that the Big Lie effect took hold. With naming comes responsibility. Trump used names to attack like a bully; Jesus asks us to say what we know and not characterize others.

Jesus is seemingly not interested in naming or defining as much as he is with partnering with G*D and engaging others for the purpose of bringing them in better contact with one another.

Mark 3:11

The foul spirits, too, whenever they caught sight of him, flung themselves down before him, and screamed out, “You are the Son of God”!

little tuberculi
broken toes
addictive thoughts
dry eyes
all quiet
in their dismissal

but oh those demonic
what a ruckus
why were they pushing ahead
while yelling bloody murder

with a healer backed up
there was easy escape
and yet they are drawn
where they would not volunteer
who can explain it
or tell you why
such as these are here

as they come to accuse
they find themselves
falling into place
as a fence blocking
water and a wall
baptism and temptation
repeat and reprise

Repeatedly people in need of healing come to touch or be touched. This physical connection is important. Anointing is a socially acceptable way to lay hands on in memory of this touch.

Repeatedly, those in need of exorcism are recorded as seeing more deeply than a usual scan of the area. The presence of an outer authority heightens awareness.

Exorcisms are known for authoritative commands to leave. Convulsion and yelling are two common reports of what happens when two authorities (inner and outer (or even more inner)) come in contact. When there is only room for one positive or negative pole, whichever is in question is stressed when its equivalency is on the scene. Remember your elementary experiments with magnetism and the way same charges repel one another. There is only room for one spirit at a time.

Jesus seems comfortable to go as far as “son of man” as an identifier. C.S. Mann has an interesting idea that the phrase about “Son of God” is an interpretation by the hearers of the inchoate shouting when a spirit of confusion catches and jaggedly lets go under a plate of belovedness. The sound of an earthquake of release goes beyond language but is still attempted to be made sense of and “G*D’s Partner” is what observers understood about their experience without actually hearing the words—it is not an affirmation of Messiah.

Mark 3:10

For he had cured many of them, and so people kept crowding around him, so all who were sick might touch him.

living icons are few
their very scarcity
increases their commodity value
no Black Friday Sale
could be more dangerous
we reach over one another
not worried whose neck
we are pushing off from
crowd stampedes are mindless
fear      flee      repeat
where does my need
trump your advantage
reach      stretch      touch
this is high magic
and we are enthralled

Too much of a good thing is as dangerous as having too little.

In this case healing, a good thing, brings forth more cases than can be handled with the resources available. [So, why doesn’t G*D, Jesus, your favorite saint, or just plain spontaneity wave one magic implement or other and cure everything at once?]

Jesus and ourselves can both be driven by exterior forces beyond our control. At times those forces are destructive in nature and sometimes they are constructive. In excess, either is capable of swamping an initial call to prepare a way (by clearing a way) toward a better way through repentance and changed ways of living (extending mercy).

When a goal becomes to reach out to touch (read greedily grab for one’s self) sources of power, it needs tempering through learning about internal power as well as external. What is it that needs shifting within us so we can distinguish between curing and healing, between negative space of exorcism and positive space of holism?

When not confronted with hands pushing you away (those for whom your message is nonsense) or hands reaching to touch and pull power from you (those for whom your message strikes an adoring chord), there is a healthy rhythm of engagement and reflection, an ability to deal with tests without an anxiety often carried with them.

At this point in Mark’s tale, both pressures are coming to bear at the same time. A perfect storm is brewing.

Do note, however, that Jesus’ need to retreat is more often related to responses of desire (to be healed) rather than threats, conspiracies, and trials. To be more worn out by internal, positive expenditures of energy carries more maturity than having external negatives take so much psychic energy from our living.

Mark 3:9

So Jesus told his disciples to keep a small boat close by, so that the crowd would not crush him.

when there is no more room
extend yourself
into a wilderness of the deep

pushed into a retreat
embrace your limits
find an unexpected small still-open space

surprise a retreat is spacious
limits are removed
more ears are touched than hands can hold

circumstances go beyond planning
opening available responses
and water-walking practice

Many commentators question the use of “small” here. However, it does comport well with the concern about being crushed, either by those plotting against him or a curious crowd.

A small boat can be nimble. The very largeness of a boat can draw further attention to it and invite stowaways. All in all, a nice touch.

It is important to note that differing languages and cultures assign different qualities of life to objects. There are those wherein people can be “ready” but inanimate objects such as a boat cannot hold that quality. They can have place, but not purpose, intent, or independent action.

In English a boat can be prepared and ready for use. Boats also remind us of the way in which Jesus’ followers were located when called to follow. There is an immediacy to readiness for following. By extension, a question continues about our current readiness to follow. If we do, there will be work to be done to prepare for our souls and bodies to deal with crushing threats.

An ability to identify and use vehicles to retreat or to enter a retreat will be a critical tool for our tool-chest or treasure-chest. As a treasure-chest is stocked it becomes more and more useful. We will be able to bring more tools out to deal with a given situation. An anointing, a prayer, a retreat, a willingness to not have a trial taken from us, an inspired response, etc. will come easier to hand when we know we have it held and ready for use. Instead of a shield and breastplate for protection we might rather use a MacGyver- or Batman-useful tool belt, utility belt, treasure belt.

Ready your small, daily, set of tools and retreat vehicles.

Mark 3:8

A great number, hearing of all that he was doing, came to him from Judea, from Jerusalem, from Edom, from beyond the Jordan, and from the country around Tyre and Sidon.

wildernesses are everywhere
each and every frailty
reveals a panicked response

those finding a lack of control
are finely attuned to signs
rumors of a way out run faster than light

from every hither and thither
familiar and strange on the tongue
people gather to test the waters

did you hear all is not lost
there is a get-out-of-jail card
drop everything this is big

what is the intersection
between being called to be fishers
and folks looking to be fish

Up to this point Jesus has been travelling to synagogues, towns and villages, with wilderness retreats thrown into the mix. What has now started off as another leaving on retreat is shifting larger gears.

This listing of the closest of the diaspora ends Jesus’ travels to populations of people. Now the people will have to go out of their way to experience the healings and subsequent hope coming from Jesus.

The diversity of this crowd reminds us of another expansive gathering—Pentecost. People who have been reliving the ancient story of Passover freedom in hope of a voice who will speak for them are reminded that there is no intermediary beyond themselves. It is in the coming together of all the differences among us that we find the belovedness of community expanding the belovedness of individual lives. Focusing on one or the other diminishes the energy of creation into nationalism or individualism. On their own they are idols. In concert they heal and free.

This break with locations in Galilee solidifies the realities then and now of recognizing our being in a wilderness setting wherever we settle or wander. Healing and liberation become a constant call to those who understand they are beloved people in a time of occupation and distrust.

Finalizing a plot against Jesus can be seen as a triggering event similar to a famine that in the past sent Joseph and the Israelites to Egypt where they were initially successful but were eventually plotted against and enslaved. Shifting away from population centers sets Jesus on an Exodus journey of episodes in wilderness-type settings.

Mark 3:7

Then Jesus went away with his disciples to the sea, followed by a great number of people from Galilee.

we always return to the sea
in stress a rhythmic surf calms
in despair a typhoon brings perspective
in tiredness a holiday swim revives
in routine a sunny bask is a muse
in confusion a shore simplifies choices

threats are submerged
in memory of baptismal energy
we recapitulate a water cycle
from storm cloud to ocean basin
but then we remember
this particular setting

water from cedared hills
and underwater springs
finally make their way
to a larger salt-making sea
we are here to add our salt
living large enough to make a difference

This is one of the clearer places that indicates the weakness of an imposed versification of a piece of art. There are multiple ways to have done this better. At best it reminds us to watch out for our own automatic responses.

Following another healing turned into an angry challenge by Jesus and a resultant plot against him, there is another return to wilderness exemplified by deep water. Without saying it directly, prayer is entered to reset a threat.

A crowd follows. Their ears had pricked up at the direction Jesus was moving—liberation from traps. “Crowd” in Mark is yet another marker of more significance than might first seem. In a country occupied by a foreign power healing speaks to people disenfranchised by their situation in life. Note this same disenfranchisement can also come about when a same-thinking internal power has no room for differences among people.

For those who have lost control of their own life through no obvious fault of their own, healing individuals anticipates a jump to the next level—liberation from Empire. From wherever one’s sense of being trapped with no options arises, healing is a banner under which the poor and disadvantaged can rally.

Crowds, however, are notorious for not being controllable by those around whom they gather. More than one factor is at work that would attract a crowd with no core but unreasonable hope.